A twisted ovarian cyst is a type of ovarian cyst that grows in the ovary causing it to twist or move around. Another name for this type of cyst is ovarian cyst with torsion. Most ovarian cysts are harmless and may even just disappear without surgical intervention but twisted ovarian cysts can severely damage the ovaries. As the ovary twists around, the blood vessels that supply the organ may be blocked and become restricted.
Ovarian cysts with torsion needs medical treatment immediately, if this condition is left untreated the cyst can rupture, spilling dangerous substances to the ovary and surrounding tissues. The cyst may also leak, cause internal bleeding and can cause terrible blood clots. Some women suffer from hormonal imbalance and even infertility when the ovaries do not get enough blood and oxygen supply due to the torsion.
There is no specific cause of twisted ovarian cysts but there are several factors that place a woman at risk for developing this condition. Genetic factors is the most common predisposing factors; the woman’s health history, unhealthy lifestyle, weight gain or being obese as well as other illnesses can significantly increase the risk of developing twisted ovarian cysts.
Just like any regular ovarian cysts, twisted ovarian cysts do not produce any symptoms and a woman may have this condition for years which remain undetected until the first symptoms appear. Symptoms are usually severe and diagnosis plus treatment may already be too late. Symptoms may be similar to ruptured ovarian cysts, endometriosis and pregnancy which make the condition harder to diagnose.
Common symptoms are sharp, severe abdominal pain, presence of bleeding before and after the menses, irregular menstrual periods, vomiting, bloating, nausea, moderate to high fever and possibly shock due to internal bleeding and spilling of the cyst contents in the surrounding tissues.
Twisted ovarian cysts can only be treated through surgery especially when the diagnosis is made after the cyst has grown and the ovary has been severely damaged. If the diagnosis is made earlier, a laparoscopy can still remove the small ovarian cyst and twist the ovary back into its original position. Laparoscopy is less invasive; small incisions are made for the laparoscope and a small tool to remove the cyst.
Thus, a patient is encouraged to seek medical help as soon as any symptoms arise. Pain, bleeding and irregular menses must not be taken for granted; regular checkups can help reduce most complications of ovarian cysts.