There are different types of ovarian cyst removal surgeries available for surgeons to use for an appropriate technique to remove ovarian cysts. Ovarian cysts are benign growths that mostly just disappear without medical or surgical intervention. However, there are types of ovarian cysts that can grow bigger, leak and rupture causing life threatening complications.
While most surgeons advice ovarian cyst removal surgery right away, some specialists may observe the condition first to determine of surgery is the most appropriate approach. If the growth is cancerous, surgery must be done immediately but if the cysts are harmless, the condition may just be ignored.
- Laparotomy – is a surgical procedure where a large incision is made on the abdomen to explore the organs and to evaluate for any abnormality. This ovarian cyst removal surgery is invasive, causing a large abdominal scar. However, it allows the surgeon to remove any cyst on the ovaries as well as the other nearby organs faster compared to procedures that only make a minimal incision. Laparotomy is deemed the best ovarian cyst removal surgery to perform when there are large cysts found, when the ovarian cysts have already ruptured or leaked and to remove the ovary, fallopian tubes and the uterus if the growth has spread.
- Laparoscopy – is a less invasive version of a laparotomy where a small incision is made just above the navel to insert a fiber optic tube. This method visualizes the abdominal and pelvic region to effectively remove cysts with a surgical tool. A laparoscope can also explore the structures and contents of the abdominal cavity but with limited ability unlike a laparotomy. Laparoscopy minimizes the need to make large incisions which places a patient at risk for wound infection. However, this procedure may only work for smaller ovarian cysts.
- Cystectomy – is the term used to refer to the surgical removal of cysts without harming the organ or tissue. In the case of ovarian cysts, cystectomy removes the cyst only leaving the ovary intact and healthy. But when a medical expert diagnoses cancer, cyst removal along with the ovaries is removed.
An ultrasound can diagnose the size and the contents of an ovarian cyst. Usually an ovarian cyst that has a size of 3 in or larger is enough to advice ovarian cyst removal surgery. Other factors that calls for surgery is the presence of growths in both ovaries, when the observed cyst does not disappear after 2 to 3 months and when a medical expert suspects ovarian cancer.