A complex ovarian cyst is a type of ovarian cysts that contains solid as well as liquid components. This type of cyst is often found in the ovary and is protected in a thin wall. It may look like a simple cyst but has a high possibility of becoming a life threatening illness if not treated immediately.
A dermoid cyst is a type of complex ovarian cyst that may even appear to look like an embryo. It may look like it has hair and human features. This type of cysts may rarely become cancerous but it can turn into one which can cause severe damage to the embryo and the surrounding tissues. Endometrioma is another type of complex ovarian cyst that develops from a tissue that separates from the uterine wall. Immediate medical treatment must be done immediately to reduce complications after identifying the presence of the cyst.
The main cause for developing ovarian cysts that are complex in type is unknown but there are several contributing factors to the development of this illness. Women who have a genetic history of this illness may pose a high risk of developing complex ovarian cysts. Women who have decreased immune systems, unhealthy lifestyle, which are overweight or obese and women who have altering blood sugar levels are also at risk.
Ovarian cysts that are complex in nature may symptoms similar to ovarian cysts. While women are asymptomatic, others may feel moderate to severe radiating from the abdominal area to the back and thighs. Pain may be so severe which can alter daily activities especially intercourse. Other than pain, there is also bloating, nausea, vomiting and sometimes mood changes.
There are different approaches to the treatment of complex ovarian cysts. Some healthcare professionals may monitor the condition of the patient before advising surgery or any other treatment. Some, on the other hand may proceed with surgery right away once the complex ovarian cyst has been identified.
The most common surgical procedure is laparoscopy which is removal of the growth through using a laparoscope. Laparoscopy involves making small openings on the abdominal wall directly above the uterus or the ovary where the ovarian cyst may be located. No incisions are made which decreases the risk of infection and improves post operative recovery. A medical professional will advice the best option for your condition and invasive surgery is not always the only option.