Complex ovarian cysts are a type of ovarian cyst that contains both solid and liquid components. This type of cyst is usually found in the ovary, encased in a thin wall; upon close inspection, complex type of ovarian cysts may look like a regular cyst. Complex ovarian cysts need immediate medical attention since these have the ability to develop into a life threatening condition.
Complex ovarian cyst treatment may depend on the size and location of the cyst. Here are some of the possible treatments:
1. Laparoscopy – this complex ovarian cyst treatment uses a laparoscope, a medical instrument that visualizes the internal organs through a very small incision which is about 0.5 – 1.5 cm across. The small imaging device uses fiber optic system as well as a small light for the surgeon to visualize the internal organs. Laparoscopy is used as a complex ovarian cyst treatment when the cyst is detected at an early stage; it is also the most appropriate treatment to remove small ovarian cysts.
2. Laparotomy – this complex ovarian cyst treatment makes an incision through the abdominal wall. This treatment is used for large type of cysts as well as cysts that have ruptured or leaked to the adjoining tissues. Laparotomy is an invasive procedure that needs extra post operative care and diligence on the patient’s part. Not only is a woman prone to wound infections there are also possibilities of bleeding and hernia.
3. Salpingo-oopherectomy – this surgical procedure involves removal of the ovaries and the fallopian tubes, this is deemed as the most appropriate procedure to be done when the ovarian cyst is diagnosed as cancerous. Complete removal of the ovaries and fallopian tubes are done to control the condition. Women who undergo this procedure become permanently infertile, may have irregular menses, may gain weight and experience symptoms similar to perimenopause.
4. Surgery for ovarian torsion – there are cysts that twist the ovaries, there are surgical procedures using specialized equipment to twist the ovary back into position.
Sometimes, a physician may decide to observe the patient’s situation first before considering any surgical complex ovarian cyst treatment. The risks are weighed and the best possible treatment is studied. Women are encouraged to seek medical help at once should there be symptoms like severe pain, bloating, vomiting, nausea and weight gain.
Since symptoms of complex ovarian cyst may be similar to a basic cyst, a woman must be diligent enough to check any unusual symptoms and consult her condition right away.