A benign ovarian cyst is an ovarian cyst that does not pose any threat; they are usually harmless and may require no medical or surgical intervention. These cysts can grow and disappear in just a matter of weeks without any treatment at all. Benign ovarian cysts usually occur during a woman’s childbearing years until her menopausal years.
Ovarian cysts may rupture and leak and may cause dangerous substances to spill onto the ovaries, uterus and the nearby organs causing severe complications. This is why most medical professionals advice removal of benign ovarian cysts as soon as they are diagnosed.
Ovarian cysts can affect women of different ages and may be asymptomatic for years. Some women who are diagnosed with benign ovarian cyst may have no symptoms while others may have moderate to severe symptoms that can affect her daily life.
Pain may or may not be present which are usually located in the lower abdomen radiating to the lower back. The pain may be severe and sharp, affecting a woman’s daily activities. A woman may also experience irregular menstruation, pelvic pressure or fullness, nausea and vomiting.
Pain is also present during intercourse and may be intensified as well. There is also a nagging or sharp pain as a woman urinates or as she moves her bowels. Along with pain, there is noticeable vaginal bleeding or spotting which is present before and after her menstrual period.
Benign ovarian cysts may also cause infertility especially when both the ovaries are affected. If only one ovary is affected, there is an increase chance of conception but chances may be slim. It is important to seek medical help at once should you experience any of these unusual symptoms.
There is no definite cause for the development of benign ovarian cysts however; there are several factors that can contribute to this condition. Factors such as a history of ovarian cysts, irregular menstrual cycles, early menstruation, obesity or being overweight, infertility and hormonal imbalances may increase a woman’s risk in developing ovarian cysts.